Chapter Three: Adult ESL Classroom Strategies and Lesson Ideas 3-1 ..
ESL teaching strategies for how to correct vary. When a student makes a mistake you can use your hands, or shake your head to signify a mistake has been made. The student can then self-correct, or the class can help if student doesn't know. You can reformulate the mistake, so allowing the student to hear the correct version. For example if a student says: "There has two books," you can say: "There are two books there." It can help to isolate the mistake, so the student can see that not everything they said was wrong.
Region 13 | ESL Strategies & Methodology
Promising ESL Strategies in Alberta is a compilation of best practices and strategies gleaned through the Alberta Initiative for School Improvement (AISI) projects focusing on:
Co-Teaching Teaching: ESL staff plan and teach with classroom or content area teachers. Instruction integrates ESL and content area standards as well as ESL strategies.
Here are some ideas for ESL teaching strategies that have worked well for myself and many other teachers. They are things I wished I had understood better when I began teaching English.Any list of ESL teaching strategies should mention the importance of recycling language. It's not enough to rely on the coursebook to do this. The teacher must actively recycle language in the classes, building up on what has been taught and practiced before.The most basic ESL teaching strategies deal with this. Plan your lessons carefully so as not to overwhelm - or underwhelm - the students, show warmth and interest in your students and their needs [this is especially important when teaching English to children]. Use humor to help the students relax. Give your students a feeling of mastery and accomplishment in the language they can use.Remember to focus on the students, not on the book. Don't let the coursebook control your class. You must control the book and use it as a tool to help your students. Even if following the book closely is obligatory, there are ESL teaching strategies to help you deal with the book, without it dominating.ESL teaching strategies for beginners are similar to higher level classes, but it's even more important for them to have plenty of opportunities to hear and use English. Teach useful words and chunks of language without caring too much about teaching the grammar. Eventually they will begin to recognize patterns within the language. At this stage it will become more useful to teach the grammar. In fact, even at higher levels it's sometimes good to do this. As long as the students know how to use the language in a given context, then that is enough. Later, when they actually come to study the grammar formally, they will already have some intuitive feel for the language. How should a teacher prepare? ESL teaching strategies for preparing include: deciding exactly what you want to do in the class, and how you will achieve your aims is the most important. Other things include: collecting together all the things you need before going into the classroom; thinking of original ways of practicing the language; writing short readings/listenings for the students; making photocopies; preparing questions or exercises; checking that the CD player works and is plugged in; checking that your markers are full of ink; checking that the classroom you are using has an eraser and that the chairs are in order for your class; reading through any materials you will be using in class; deciding which words need explanation and practice, and how you will explain and practice; planning a few short filler activities in case you finish early.Knowing plenty of ESL teaching strategies is very good, but when talking about how to teach ESL, it would be strange not to mention the subject itself- English. Being a native speaker or fluent in English is of course, a good start, but is not enough by itself. If you are a native speaker you will intuitively know when something is right or wrong. As an English teacher you will need to be able to say why, and suggest ways to correct it.ESL teachers get your students moving and have them work with different partners. These are great ESL Teaching strategies. Here are 5 change partner activities.I've written about many ESL teaching strategies here. Remember that it's not possible to apply them all in one go. Take your time and experiment with some of them to see if they can help you improve your classes. Eventually, many of these ESL teaching strategies will become good teaching habits, which no longer require thought.We have been impressed by the students' reaction toward the learning experience. The students' ability to solve word problems has increased, as well as their motivation to learn. They were able to solve word problems at the end. They were also able to write their own word problems and solve them. Integrating ESL strategies into mathematics instruction was a wonderful experience. The important part of this project was the use of ESL techniques. However, mathematics has its own language of specific words and symbols. In the first semester, we read "Integrating Language and Mathematics Learning" by Angele Carrasquillo and Vivian Rodriguez. Professor Shanahan also gave us a useful handout titled "Supporting ESL Students in Learning the Language of Mathematics," by Jim Cummins.